Hair transplantation is a surgical procedure during which a doctor removes hair from the so-called permanent area in the back and sides, and transfers or transplants it into the top and crown areas, which are vulnerable to hair loss. The hair loss may be due to a variety of causes, but by far the most common is androgenetic alopecia, or male pattern baldness (which may occur in females, despite the name).
There are, and have been, many different techniques used to perform hair transplant surgery; the most common at this point in time is strip surgery, which takes a long piece of scalp from the donor area, which is cut up to produce grafts of one or more hairs for use in the hair restoration process. However, there has emerged, in the first decade of the new millennium, a revolutionary technique that threatens to make the old strip technique obsolete: Fue Hair Transplant
Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) is a method of extracting, or “harvesting,” donor hair in a follicular unit hair transplant procedure. In FUE, an instrument is used to make a small, circular incision in the skin around a follicular unit, separating it from the surrounding tissue. The unit is then extracted (pulled) directly from the scalp, leaving a small open hole.
This process is repeated until the hair transplant surgeon has harvested enough follicular units for the planned hair restoration. This process can take one or more hours and in large sessions, may be accomplished over two consecutive days.
The EIT® or the Esthe-Line Isolation Technique, named after Esthe-Line expertise, and the hair transplant surgeons who originated it. EIT® requires specialized tools and techniques, which have been developed by Esthe-Line over the past 6 or 7 years.
Commercials and advertisements for hair transplants often make it appear that all people are great candidates for a hair transplants, but that’s not necessarily the case.
Young patients (18-25) are usually not good candidates because they have recent hair loss which most likely will progress further. Having a hair transplant so early can result in the incorrect distribution of a finite amount of donor hair because the doctor has no way of knowing exactly how severe the future hair loss will be.
Hair loss in men and women is usually different in appearance. Men have localized areas of thinning, while women have a diffuse thinning throughout their entire head. Most men are good candidates except for those with diffuse type thinning. Most women are not good candidates if they have diffuse thinning but some women do have localized areas of loss which do make them good candidates.
The thicker and coarser your hair, the more density it will have and the betters results you will have from a transplant. Wavy hair because it has more body, gives a more dense appearance than straight hair.
Density is defined as the number of hairs per unit of surface area and as may be expected, the higher the density, the more hair available for transplantation.
Asians typically have hair that is very straight and has less follicular density than Caucasians. Asian patients should consult with doctors who have had experience with Asian hair. Caucasians have a wide range of hair and skin types and the people who have the best results are those with coarser, denser hair and whose skin color is similar to their hair color. The less the contrast between the two, the better the results will be.
The looser the scalp, the more donor hair that can be removed and the less chances there is of scarring. Doctors check scalp laxity before operating which will indicate how much donor hair can be removed.